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Nov 28

A cross between parents that are only 75 percent resistant to chestnut blight will result in a successive generation of trees that is only 50 percent resistant to the fungus. © 2019 Superior Hardwoods. Based on your personal preferences, we’ll prepare a custom quote for the reclaimed wormy chestnut flooring option of your choice. Although it may seem that the tree’s ability to reproduce even when it’s under attack by the Chestnut blight would ensure its survival in the forest, the new trees typically only reach a height of 10 to 12 feet before they become infected by the blight as well. The American chestnut typically grew on mountains, hills and slopes in well-drained, rocky soil. They consulted. I also tell them that a person must be crazy to carve American chestnut. For about a decade after the blight struck the southern Appalachians, residents were still able to collect nuts from the remaining healthy American chestnut trees. Settlers seasonally baked chestnuts for their own consumption. The sapwood, or outermost part, can also be light brown or may appear as a pale white color. Like we did for the clients quoted above, we’ll help you find the flooring that will provide the look and feel you’re looking for. Recycled wood requires an expertise in handling and distribution. When European settlers began to arrive in the United States hundreds of years ago, the country was largely covered by forests. Since horticulturalists located in the U.S. were able to import Asian chestnut nursery stock beginning in 1876, it was widely speculated that the disease was unintentionally and unknowingly brought into the country by one of these shipments. After six crosses, the ideal achievement will be a tree that is 15/16 American and fully resistant to chestnut blight. The heartwood, or innermost part of an American chestnut tree, produces a light to medium brown wood which develops a reddish hue as it ages. We are proud that we have the largest selection of in stock flooring options available in the western United States, with over 100,000 square feet of flooring onsite. From its humble beginnings, the brothers grew their farm into what became the largest commercial farm of its kind in the world. Learn how to identify American chestnuts and send us a sample to support our research. Whether you want smooth or original saw marks, stained or natural wood or slats in just one or multiple widths, we’ll create a custom floor plan that meets your exacting standards in our 4,000 square foot mill. This means that you can typically see the boreholes created by the beetles that were feeding off of the dead trees before they were harvested. These virgin forests included what are now considered “old-growth forests.” Also referred to as a “primary forest,” a “primeval forest,” and a “late seral forest,” an old-growth forest is a forest that has reached a significant age without being disturbed by humans or a destructive natural occurrence such as a wildfire. American chestnut wood is ring porous. When people see my work, they usually ask me about the woods I use for carving. In certain parts of the Appalachians, chestnuts would cover the forest floor four inches deep every fall. AMERICAN CHESTNUT WOOD American Chestnut comprised over 60% of the eastern hardwood forests when the first settlers arrived in North America. Realizing that the demise of the American chestnut also threatened the various industries that were dependent on the tree’s continued existence, the federal government appropriated funds to fight the disease in 1911-1913. This mass reproduction caused the beetles to infect other kinds of trees in the mountain range, including oak trees, pine trees and black walnut trees. In 1912 alone, it is estimated that the states of Pennsylvania, South Carolina and West Virginia suffered combined economic losses of approximately $82.5 million as a result of the chestnut blight. These blooms gave way to nuts, which typically fell after the first frost in the fall months. But carving tools tend to dig into the porous layer and carving details in the porous layer is tricky if not foolhardy. An old-growth forest usually has a multi-layered canopy, dotted with gaps that are the result of the death of individual trees. The reddish-brown wood harvested from the American chestnut was lightweight, soft and easy to work with. The brothers shipped their American chestnut tree saplings to cities throughout the country, but eventually received notice that some of their saplings were afflicted with a disease. In North Carolina’s southern Appalachians, efforts to stop the spread of the blight included cutting an isolation strip across the mountain range. Each annual ring has a layer of porous spring growth and a summer growth layer with few pores. A byproduct of the Chestnut blight, wormy chestnut helped to soften the blow the fungus delivered to the economy. In addition to giving your living or work space a look and feel that are truly unique, installing reclaimed wormy chestnut flooring instead of newly manufactured flooring helps to protect the environment. The goal was to create a tree that had all of the positive attributes famous in American chestnut trees as well as the resistance to Chestnut blight that the Asian trees had. Of course, the American chestnut tree’s enduring natural beauty completes the look that you can only get from antique wormy chestnut flooring. In 1907 and 1908, American chestnut trees at the New York Botanical Garden started displaying the telltale signs of the malady, which include wilting leaves, rupturing bark and the disease’s unmistakable cankers. Once considered the “Queen of the Eastern American Forest,” the American chestnut used to dominate old-growth forests from southern Maine across the Midwest to Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, down south to Alabama and Mississippi and eastward into the Appalachians. At that time, the Connecticut Program, which was started by plant breeder, Dr. Arthur Graves, in 1930 on his own land, was pushed to the forefront of the research on crossbreeding chestnut trees. Cankers prevent the parts of the tree that are above them from getting vital nutrients, which causes them to die in as little as four days. The bore holes give reclaimed wormy chestnut flooring a distinctive look and feel that are only enhanced by the saw marks, nail holes and cracks that the wood experienced when it was originally used decades ago. At Superior Hardwoods of Montana, our mission is for you to Let Us Guide You Through The Woods®. That gives chestnut a beautiful grain pattern. So why do I carve chestnut wood? The insects bored holes in the trees and discolored them, giving the lumber that was derived from these trees a unique, eye-catching appearance. We have over 11 acres of reclaimed architectural lumber that can add a literal piece of American history to your home. Native Americans often added chestnuts to dough made from cornmeal. As an architect for over 20 years that relies on the quality and the unique resource of recycled wood, I have found Superior Hardwoods to be an exceptional vendor. This means no new material or pallet material was used to make this breathtaking series of flooring options. The Irish Valley farm was thought to be the largest chestnut tree farm operating in the United States at the turn of the twentieth century.

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