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Nov 28

[…] Alphabetically arranged and classified into broad subject areas, the entries cover hardware, computer systems, information and data, software, the mathematics of computing, theory of computation, methodologies, applications, and computing milieu. Computer science students need to acquire skills in multiple areas — arguably more so than many other study disciplines. Computer science is the study of algorithmic processes and computational machines. Those who wish to specialize in a certain niche area—such as AI, data science, cybersecurity, etc.—or plan to apply their computer science skills into a specific field will need to expand their knowledge in those areas, as well. SE12. Software requirements and specifications (4) —. Machines for calculating fixed numerical tasks such as the abacus have existed since antiquity, aiding in computations such as multiplication and division. [32] The MOSFET made it possible to build high-density integrated circuit chips,[35][36] leading to what is known as the computer revolution[37] or microcomputer revolution.[38]. Advanced knowledge representation and reasoning (0) —, IS8. [5][23] The world's first computer science degree program, the Cambridge Diploma in Computer Science, began at the University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory in 1953. Common programming paradigms include: Many languages offer support for multiple paradigms, making the distinction more a matter of style than of technical capabilities. Honing Your Practical Skills With a Master’s Degree. The study is connected to many other fields in computer science, including computer vision, image processing, and computational geometry, and is heavily applied in the fields of special effects and video games. Memory system organization and architecture (5) —, AR7. According to Peter Denning, the fundamental question underlying computer science is, "What can be automated?". Cryptography is the practice and study of hiding (encryption) and therefore deciphering (decryption) information. Human-centered software development (0), HC6. Its fields can be divided into theoretical and practical disciplines. IBM (short for International Business Machines) released the IBM 704[27] and later the IBM 709[28] computers, which were widely used during the exploration period of such devices. The lab is the forerunner of IBM's Research Division, which today operates research facilities around the world. AI is associated in the popular mind with robotic development, but the main field of practical application has been as an embedded component in areas of software development, which require computational understanding. "[note 3] The design and deployment of computers and computer systems is generally considered the province of disciplines other than computer science. Wiley. ", and the question remains effectively unanswered, although the Turing test is still used to assess computer output on the scale of human intelligence. p. 63. The following list is adapted from Table 5.1 (p.17) of CC2001 (Computing Curriculum 2001 , the joint curricular recommendations of the Computer Science professional societies (ACM-IEEE/CS Task Force on the Curriculum). [79], In the US, with 14,000 school districts deciding the curriculum, provision was fractured. Wiley. [24] Since practical computers became available, many applications of computing have become distinct areas of study in their own rights. It focuses largely on the way by which the central processing unit performs internally and accesses addresses in memory. [citation needed]. Fundamental computing algorithms (12) —, AL6. Codes are used for data compression, cryptography, error detection and correction, and more recently also for network coding.

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