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Nov 28

Here is another specimen of his composition: That much I have which I have learnt and thought. When men see these things, they spit in the face of philosophy; they think that all philosophers are the same, and blame me their teacher. Why, no; these things were superfluities to me - and to yourself, indeed. Eratosthenes tells us that by Hipparchia, of whom we shall presently speak, he had a son born to him named Pasicles, and after he had ceased to be a cadet on service, Crates took him to a brothel and told him that was how his father had married. Hipparchia, almost 20 years younger than Crates, readily accepted to follow the life of a Cynic and the two were married on the spot: the first marriage between two Cynics. He had been formerly a pupil of Theophrastus the Peripatetic, and had been so far corrupted by weakness that, when he made a breach of good manners in the course of rehearsing a speech, it drove him to despair, and he shut himself up at home, intending to starve himself to death. Prove to me that your philosophy is better than Stilpo's and I will remain. Take good counsel, lest later I find you complaining of your lot.' we might go to the entrance and have a look at the new-comers - what they are and how they behave. She may have been introduced to philosophy by her brother, Metrocles, who was a pupil in Aristotle’s Lyceum and later began to follow Crates. In point of fact it had died with him, it and he having been simultaneously transfixed by a Thracian pikeman in the fight with the Cappadocians on the Araxes. The Median was charging with his thirty-foot lance in front of him; the Thracian knocked it aside with his buckler; the point glanced by; then he knelt, received the charge on his pike, pierced the horse's chest - the spirited beast impaling itself by its own impetus -, and finally ran Arsaces through groin and buttock. It is difficult, or rather impossible, when we are swimming in luxury and pleasure not to think of what we are doing: and it is an idle pretence which some men put forward that they can take their fill of pleasure with their faith and purity and mental uprightness unimpaired. Hipparchia was a Cynic philosopher too, having adopted the mantle in her mid-teens. They were selected by Divine Providence to receive the Divine Spirit, and to be the depositories of His holy oracles, on the ground of their leading a life of almost unapproachable excellence, intrepid, noble, unmoved by danger or death. This compilation uses open and available texts to piece together the fragments of their lives and attempts to produce a coherent handbook for use as a reference by the scholar and the student. For which things' sake men fight not each with other. For the same reason, Epictetus would tell you, that poverty is no such formidable thing neither: because he can produce the example of Crates the Theban to the contrary; who, when he disposed of all he was worth to the public, and said. Sélectionnez la section dans laquelle vous souhaitez faire votre recherche. And that is not so dreadful, but do you see that they persuade them to love wealth, to hate poverty, to minister to the belly, to endure any toil for the body's sake, to fatten that prison of the soul, to keep up an expensive table, never to sleep alone at night, provided only that they do all this in the dark and are not found out? And how did it end? And if Diogenes did sometimes visit a courtesan - though even this happened only once perhaps or not even once - let him who would be a Cynic first satisfy us that he is, like Diogenes, [202] a man of solid worth, and then if he see fit to do that sort of thing openly and in the sight of all men, we shall not reproach him with it or accuse him. They reproached others with their faults without any reserve, and even added an air of insolence and contempt to their reproaches. [96] Hipparchia too, sister of Metrocles, was captured by their doctrines. Hipparchia of Maroneia (Greek: Ἱππαρχία; fl. . Crates and Hipparchia: Cy... Hipparchia approaches Crates carrying a box, implying that she has come to Crates as a potential bride bearing her possessions. For a time Zeno took refuge with Stilpo, the Megaric, and when he was leaving Crates that philosopher, unlike Antisthenes, begged of him to remain with the Cynics. From Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, Vol. Hipparchia too, sister of Metrocles, was captured by their doctrines. II, tr. So you cannot discover any other motive than that of doing honour to the god. Fremantle, G. Lewis and W.G. They say that he was in the habit of swearing by “capers” just as Socrates used to swear by “the dog.” Some there are, and among them Cassius the Sceptic and his disciples, who accuse Zeno at length. Its brazen disregard for common propriety was repulsive to him. Crates was also the author of some philosophical tragedies, and some smaller poems apparently called Games (Ancient Greek: Παίγνια, Paignia). (VI.96.1 and 4-5) At the request of her parents, Crates tried to talk Hipparchia out of the marriage. At last by reproducing the action he succeeded in lifting him from his dejection, using for his consolation the likeness of the occurrences. So he stuck a plaster on his forehead with these words on it, “Nicodromus's handiwork.”. But if he held right opinions about the gods, that in itself was enough. This man, having abandoned his property [to be] sheep-pasturage, took to the altar and said, “Krates manumits Krates the Theban!” He wrote philosophical works. Zeno soon found an opportunity of attending upon the instructions of Crates, and was so well pleased with his doctrine, that he became one of his disciples. It was against this backdrop that Hipparchia, a native of Maronea, met and fell in love with the Cynic philosopher Crates. He married Hipparchia of Maroneia who lived in the same manner that he did. 1905., [xxix] The Works of Lucian of Samosata. Hipparchia is notable for being one of the few women philosophers of Ancient Greece. Translated by Fowler, H W and F G. Oxford: The Clarendon Press. Give me without ceasing victuals for my belly which has always made my life frugal and free from slavery. On being asked how he felt about abuse, he replied, “As an envoy feels who is dismissed without an answer.” Apollonius of Tyre tells us how, when Crates laid hold on him by the cloak to drag him from Stilpo, Zeno said, “The right way to seize a philosopher, Crates, is by the ears: persuade me then and drag me off by them; but, if you use violence, my body will be with you, but my mind with Stilpo.”[xvii], Hence he had been well trained even before he left his native place. On Style. (Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1894. Edited by Philip Schaff and Henry Wace. It is moreover a kind of sacrilege to give what belongs to the poor to those who are not poor. His other pupils included Metrocles, Monimus, Menippus, Cleomenes, Theombrotus, and Crates' brother Pasicles. Hipparchia was a Cynic philosopher too, having adopted the mantle in her mid-teens. By Johann Jakob Brucker, William Enfield. Hipparchia fell in love with Crates, and developed such a passion for him, that she told her parents that if they refused to allow her to marry him, she would kill herself. Prudence counts for nothing, fortune is everything; the man who is fortunate is pleasant, and has the reputation of being so.[ii]. A large town on the Thracian coast. It is stated by Hecato and by Apollonius of Tyre in his first book on Zeno that he consulted the oracle to know what he should do to attain the best life, and that the god's response was that he should take on the complexion of the dead. (Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1893. A shipowner, rolling in money, with a cousin called Aristeas, nearly as rich. The real necessities you inherited from Antisthenes, and I from you; and in those necessities was more grandeur and majesty than in the Persian Empire. Diog . Even so our philosopher was a very Hercules in the conquest of anger, envy, avarice, lust, and all the other monstrous sins that beset the human soul. He saw that Corinth was more luxurious than Athens, and stood in need of a more severe and courageous reformer. Piety”? 95-207, 219-227. Their first count is that in the beginning of his Republic he pronounced the ordinary education useless: the next is that he applies to all men who are not virtuous the opprobrious epithets of foemen, cnemies, slaves, and aliens to one another, parents to children, brothers to brothers, friends to friends. When Alexander inquired whether he would like his native city to be rebuilt, his answer was, “Why should it be? Let others keep, or mourn lost, store, Crates’ own hands make Crates poor, That moment put an end to his slavery; and his freedom commenced, from the time he had disburdened himself of his wealth. The Cynic Letters, a collection of pseudographic letters attributed to various Cynic figures and probably written by a several different authors a few centuries after Hipparchia lived, mention that she bore and raised children according to her Cynic values.

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