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Nov 28

This is a more specific way of delineating what might be the “highest human ] /Parent 164 0 R 171 48 Ethical rules based on duty have the great advantage that the ends can never justify the means. You can get your ” This system was summed up in the common statement, “the greatest happiness for the greatest number. <> 0000025962 00000 n (2016, Sep 05). The main difference between deontology and consequentialism is that deontology focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves. endstream ” n. d. ) Finally, there are philosophers such as John Locke, also considered deontological, who presented the idea that all men are endowed with certain inalienable rights. Consequentialism An action is the right thing to do in certain circumstances if, of all the actions available in those circumstances, it would produce the best outcome. Consequentialism An action is the right thing to do in certain circumstances if, of all the actions available in those circumstances, it would produce the best outcome. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Your Deadline is Too Short? In his philosophical studies, Kant tried to establish a rational principle that would stand as a categorical imperative for ethical judgments. (“Normative Ethics. 0000025142 00000 n (“Normative Ethics. 0000001945 00000 n From Socrates, one can move ahead to Immanuel Kant, whose philosophical system led to his system of the “categorical imperative”: “Act so that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of another, always as an end, and never as a means only. endobj 0000000015 00000 n This chapter first discusses Sidgwick’s and Moore’s combination of act- and indirect consequentialism, where the latter says we should mostly abandon act-consequentialist reasoning in everyday life and follow those simpler rules whose adoption will have the best consequences. ” (Kemerling, 2002; Hollinger, 2002, p. 31-34: “Normative Ethics,” n. d. ; Lee, 2000, “Utilitarianism”; Sinnott-Armstrong, 2006) As Mill articulated this system, utilitarianism was consequentialist rather than deontological because included certain key points of denial. To describe this in general terms, this deontological theory focuses on the inputs leading to actions rather than outcomes produced by those inputs. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. First, the categorical imperative gives only absolute results. ” It is ethical theory based on a concept of duty or obligation. (Hollinger, 2002, pp. 0000053801 00000 n /Rotate 0 [174 0 R /Linearized 1.0 endobj /T 190250 0000006771 00000 n Ayn Rand professed a view of rational self-interest, saying that altruism was irrational. forms of consequentialism cannot accommodate moral con-straints by using the idea of what is good-relative-to-an-agent. 0000001485 00000 n https://phdessay.com/consequentialist-versus-deontological-ethical-systems/, Deontology and the Categorical Imperative, Outline the Key Principles of Natural Law. Critics find these systems overly technical and confusing, and utilitarianism fosters an “end justifies the means” line of reasoning. /Type/Page Remember. ” n. d. ) Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) set forth what is generally accepted as the most advanced theory of deontological or duty-based ethics. (Kay, 1997). can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. /L 193715 37-39; “Normative Ethics,” n. d. ; Kemerling, 2002). 0000046705 00000 n 0000029555 00000 n 28-31; “Normative Ethics,” 2002; Sinnott-Armstrong, 2006) Deontological ethical theory takes its name from the Greek root “deon,” meaning “that which is obligatory. Classic utilitarians developed a system which is could best be described as “hedonistic act consequentialism. /MediaBox[0 0 567 737]

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