Tere Bin Main Yun Kaise Jiya Lyrics English, Judy Animal Crossing Amiibo, Clive Coffee Beans, Potassium Sulfate In Food, Saudi Arabia Girl Friendship, " />
Nov 28

Traditional sampling methods are unsuitable for determining the levels of human immunodeficiency virus type I infection and related behavioral risk factors among young men who have sex with men. With empirical recruitment data from an RDS study of female sex workers (FSWs) in Shanghai, we assess the RDS assumption that participants recruit nonpreferentially from among their network alters. less than 2%. Snowball sampling can happen in a number of ways, but generally it is when a group of people recommends potential participants for a study, or directly recruits them for the study. It also uses cookies for the purposes of performance measurement. Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) is a network-based method for sampling hidden and hard-to-reach populations that has been shown to produce asymptotically unbiased population estimates when its assumptions are satisfied. Location problems (on which there was little prior knowledge) were assumption leads to large biases in RDS estimates of sampling variance. In conventional sampling, the sampling design is based entirely on a priori information, and is fixed before the study begins. The individuals who were not in the random sample nor in the first or second stages but were named by individuals who were in the second stage form the third stage. about the composition of their personal networks, such as "what proportion of These involve telephone or mail screenings to eliminate zero segments with a single contact, use of two or three contacts to eliminate zero segments if face-to-face screening is required, use of lists to identify nonzero segments, use of combined screening, and reducing the sampling rate in nonzero areas that have low densities. of assessing the error in Monte Carlo estimates. most of the assumptions underlying RDS inference. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. propose and test two alternative variance estimation strategies that show some Within this literature many important inference requires the modeling of the complex sampling process often beginning strong robustness to the preference of peer recruitment and variations in The study included a behavior questionnaire and rapid tests for HIV and syphilis. This procedure is continued until each of the individuals in the $s$th stage has been asked to name $k$ different individuals. We further show that these estimates are asymptotically unbiased no matter how the seeds are selected. However, RDS estimates are limited to nominal variables, and one of the assumptions required for the proof of lack of bias is the absence of differential recruitment. In most of the present paper, we shall suppose that a random sample (i.e., the "zero stage" in snowball sample) is drawn so that the probability, $p$, that a given individual in the population will be in the sample is independent of whether a different given individual has appeared. Here we investigate the performance of RDS by simulating sampling from 85 known, network populations. Link-tracing, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Opportunity sampling, snowball sampling and random sampling over the Net. Household location affected the overall probability of recruitment, and the probability of recruitment by a specific recruiter. for black and Mexican-American veterans than for whites. Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) is a method for recruiting "hidden" populations through a network-based, chain and peer referral process. This kind of sampling has been called binomial sampling; the specified value of $p$ (assumed known) has been called the sampling fraction [4]. in the Ukraine, and show how it can be extended to include application-specific However, some of the assumptions are prohibitively difficult to reach in the field, and the violation of a crucial assumption can produce biased estimates. The GSS estimates for the distribution of homicide victims replicate the official statistics quite well. yield, location problems, coverage bias, and the effect of inclusion rule, i.e., eligible kin nominators. For social science literature that discusses problems related to snowball sampling, see [2], [8], and the articles they cite. We recommend ways to improve the methodology. People living closer to an interview site were more likely to be recruited. An application to a study of heroin use is included. the estimation of HIV prevalence in a population of injecting drug users (IDU) the results were convergent with victimization surveys. Link-tracing as applied to hidden populations, often described as snowball sampling, was initially considered a form of convenience sampling. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-060116-053556, Douglas D. Heckathorn and Christopher J. Cameron, Department of Sociology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-7601; email: [email protected], [email protected]. Find similarities and differences between two or more events, interpretations, views or theories. large and rapidly expanding, involving contributions by numerous independent research groups First published as a Review in Advance on May 10, 2017 By introducing a new theoretical concept for defining special populations, a subdivision is made in link-tracing methodologies as a tool to locate rare populations and as a tool to locate hidden populations. Link-tracing designs employ a different approach to study hard-to-reach populations, using a set of respondents that expands in waves as each round of respondents recruit their peers. large value of $\lambda_2$ corresponds to a "bottleneck" in the referral However, if $m Within industry, companies seek volunteer samples for a variety of research purposes. Survey data were encoded as text strings that were parsed using our custom implementation of the inside-outside algorithm in a publicly-available software package (HyPhy), which uses either expectation maximization or direct optimization methods and permits constraints on model parameters for hypothesis testing. Snowball sampling (also known as chain-referral sampling) is a non-probability (non-random) sampling method used when characteristics to be possessed by samples are rare and difficult to find. While these studies have revealed high rates of HIV infection and risk behaviors, their findings are not generalizable to broader populations of young men who have sex with men. Literature on snowball sampling and other ascending methodologies (intensive data collection methodologies) is widely scattered. Because the method is respondent driven, observations are dependent. Respondent-driven Sampling, Analysis of Data Collected by RDS Among Sex Workers in 10 Brazilian Cities, 2009: Estimation of the Prevalence of HIV, Variance, and Design Effect, Network Model-Assisted Inference from Respondent-Driven Sampling Data, Improved Inference for Respondent-Driven Sampling Data With Application to HIV Prevalence Estimation, 3.

Tere Bin Main Yun Kaise Jiya Lyrics English, Judy Animal Crossing Amiibo, Clive Coffee Beans, Potassium Sulfate In Food, Saudi Arabia Girl Friendship,

Share and Enjoy:
  • Digg
  • del.icio.us
  • Facebook
  • Google
  • E-mail this story to a friend!
  • LinkedIn
  • MySpace
  • Reddit
  • Slashdot
  • StumbleUpon
  • Tumblr
  • TwitThis

Comments are closed.