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Nov 28

Help us improve our Author Pages by updating your bibliography and submitting a new or current image and biography. (421) Howard is survived The expected utility of a proposition should be a weighted average of the values of the ways in which it might be true or of the worlds at which it is true. , Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020,, Inc. or its affiliates. Defending the coherence of particular resolutions along these... L'A. One distinction of interest here is between an agent's beliefs and preferences just before an action's time, and his bel... Relations between conditional probabilities, revisions of probabilities in the light of new information, and conditions of ideal rationality are discussed herein. The arguments for the belief are analyzed in the first six chapters and include ontological arguments from Anselm through Godel; the cosmological arguments of Aquinas and Leibniz; and arguments from evidence for design and miracles. Taking Chances: Essays on Rational Choice (Cambridge Studies in Probability, Induction and Decision Theory) Apr 29, 1994. by Jordan Howard Sobel Hardcover. On Hare's argument for preference utilitarianism*, Producers’ make or buy decision and business shutdown: An evaluation of choice in textile industry, Preemption and a Dilemma for Causal Decision Theory, NeuroEconomics: An overview from an economic perspective. (Alternative solutions include an extensionalist approach [Vallentyne and Kagan 1997) and a hyperreal number approach, ... For an interesting discussion and defence of the latter principle, see van Fraassen ,1984, where van Fraassen shows that a person who violates Reflection is vulnerable to a Dutch Book [...] (provided only that this person assigns some positive probability to the obtaining of the hypothetical situation in question). Letting God be one, that is, letting “God” name one at the very beginning seems premature. All rights reserved. A reader of this book may justifiably finish it with the belief there is a high probability Sobel's book will retain this position for many years to come. The next two chapters consider arguments against belief. Jordan Howard Sobel's 44 research works with 418 citations and 369 reads, including: Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens for Conditional Probabilities, and Updating on Uncertain Evidence Jordan Howard Sobel - 1994 - Cambridge University Press. A theorem for these bounds – Bounds for Probable Modus Ponens – entails a principle for updating on possibly uncertain evidence subject to these bounds that is a generalization of the 3 Moral properties would supervene upon non-moral properties and be conceptually autonomous. Values of total upshots should be of these upshots not in isolation but in total world-contexts, and the expected utility of a proposition p should be, Probability (w/p). This book will be a valuable resource for philosophers of religion and theologians and will interest logicians and mathematicians as well. The formal character of conditional probabilities, and their significance for epistemic states of agents is taken up. Thomas Hurka derives rights to punish from what I will term the Libertarian Rights Principle, which is “that there is really only one natural right, namely the equal right of all persons to the most extensive liberty compatible with a like liberty for other persons, and that all other natural rights are species or instances of the right to liberty.... To resolve putative liar paradoxes it is sufficient to attend to the distinction between liar-sentences and the propositions they would express, and to exercise the option of turning would-be deductions of paradox (of contradictions) into reductios of the existence of those propositions. critique les arguments et contre-arguments proposes respectivement par Raiffa et Machina pour et contre l'axiome d'independance en theorie de la decision, et conclut que l'axiome d'independance de la theorie classique de l'utilite revient a une petition de principe. More generally, it seems that any argument that uses Liar sentences to make trouble for bivalence 12 See, e.g., ... 11 This has meant that crucial assumptions have gone unnoticed. In particular it is neutral between my proposal and another common one, which equates the conditional desirability of X given A with the desirability of XA. What if I were in his shoes? It is plausible that Newcomb problems in which causal maximizers and evidential maximizers would do different things would not be possible for ideal maximizers who are attentive to metatickles. Clearly it is best to leave “God” out of the argument until one is in a position to introduce him by existential instantiation, or, by further argumentation, to identify hi... ... One natural solution is to place a restriction on what sorts of temporal units can receive units of good. The other analyzes an option's utility in terms of its utilities conditional on circumstanc... David Gauthier distinguishes maximizing given the actions others do from maximizing given the happiness others get, and maintains that universal conformities to the first rule coincide with equilibria in utility spaces of possible interactions, whereas universal conformities to the second coincide with optima. Jordan Howard Sobel (1929-2010) Prosblogion reports the death of Jordan Howard Sobel, author of Logic and Theism, which Robert Koons has described as the best book on philosophy or religion written from an atheistic point of view since J. L. Mackie’s The Miracle of Theism.

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