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Nov 28

Mount Gerizim rises about 500 m above the ancient city of Flavia Neapolis (Nablus), some 886 m above sea level. Ebal or Mt. It rises 2900 feet high. [26], The religious tension between the Jews and the Samaritans led to the temple on Gerizim being destroyed by either John Hyrcanus in the 2nd century BCE (according to Josephus)[27] or by Simeon the Just (according to the Talmud). [12], The text goes on to list twelve curses, which were to be pronounced by the Levite priesthood and answered by the people with Amen. [3] Subsequently, in the Persian Period, the Samaritans built a temple there probably in the middle of 5th century BCE.,[11] arguing that this was the real location of the Israelite temple (Solomon's Temple) which had been destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar. The sole responsibility for the content of each Tentative List lies with the State Party concerned. North of Mount Gerizim rises Mount Ebal, 938 m above sea level; these two mountains being the highest in the Nablus region. Answer: Mount Ebal is located in the Promised Land of Israel, near the middle of Samaria. The access to site is thru Kiryat Luza, which can be reached from the road that leads to the Har Brakha community. [3] Either way there are some who believe that the sources of Joshua predate Deuteronomy, and hence that the order to build the altar and make the inscription is likely based on these actions in the sources of Joshua, rather than the other way round, possibly to provide an etiology for the site acceptable to the deuteronomist's theology. Tongariro, New Zealand, the holy mountain of the Maori, was at the core of the first World Heritage cultural landscape. 30, 33. [1] In Samaritan tradition, Mount Gerizim is held to be the highest, oldest and most central mountain in the world. Gerizim was the other mountain on the s. and its top was 1 2/3 m. distant from that of Ebal. Ebal and over the valley of Shechem, which was about 3 miles in length and not wider than will allow the hearing of a voice across. [9] The Samaritan Pentateuch version of Deuteronomy, and a fragment found at Qumran,[10] holds that the instruction actually mandated the construction of the altar on Mount Gerizim, which the Samaritans view as the site of the tabernacle, not Shiloh. [30], In Jesus' discussion with the Samaritan woman at the well he revealed his feeling about worship there: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, Jesus said to her, "Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. Ebal is 3077 ft. and Gerizim 2849 ft. above the sea. Shechem, at the base of Mount Gerizim, was a well-traveled trade intersection in ancient times. A straightforward etymology for Gerizim would give the meaning of mountain cut in two. Both of the mountains are steep and rocky and perhaps gave reason to the probable meaning of Shechem: “shoulder(s).” [21] In the centre of the plateau is a smooth surface, containing a hollow, which archaeologists consider to be reminiscent of dolmens found in southwestern Syria, and which Samaritans consider to be a portion of their former temple. The mountain is one of the highest peaks in the West Bank and rises to 881 m (2,890 ft) above sea level, 70 m (230 ft) lower than Mount Ebal. Its summit is about 2,800 feet above sea level. The line of the wall around the church can easily be seen,[3] as can portions of the former castle, and initial archaeological study of the site postulated that the castle built by Justinian had utilised stones from an earlier structure on the site (probably the Samaritan temple). At present, the mountain is surrounded by fertile agricultural land to the east and its northern slopes are densely forested. ", https://www.academia.edu/34049422/The_Destruction_of_the_Samaritan_Temple_by_John_Hyrcanus_A_Reconsideration, The curses and blessings of Ebal and Gerizim, in isolation, at wikiversity, Monastery of Saints John and George of Choziba, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mount_Gerizim&oldid=991009537, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 19:55. [23] In the narrative of Judges, the pillar that was in Shechem is seemingly significant enough to have given its name to a nearby plain,[24] and this pillar is thought to be likely to have been a totem of El-Berith; the Joshua story, of a stone being set up as a witness, simply being an attempt to provide an aetiology in accordance with later Israelite theology. God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth. [15] These curses heavily resemble laws (e.g. It consists of three peaks, the main summit, the wide flat western hill and Tell er-Ras to the north. On the other hand, in the context of a completely different culture, religious beliefs and tangible expression thereof, the Royal Hill of Ambohimanga in Madagascar could be considered an analogous World Heritage site. This excavation, which continued under Israel's jurisdiction, uncovered Corinthian columns, a large rectangular platform 215 ft by 145 ft (65m by 44m) surrounded by 6 ft (2m) thick and 30 ft (9m) high walls, and a 25 ft (8m) wide staircase leading down from the platform to a marbled esplanade. 8. In the 16th century a shrine of the Muslim saint Sheikh Ghanim was built on the east corner of the ruined church. [12] It is possible that the name of the mountain is indicative of this, as it is thought that Gerizim may mean mountain of the Gerizites, a tribe in the vicinity of the Philistines that, according to the Hebrew Bible, was conquered by David. In the throat of this pass to the West, on the South of the vale, and close to the foot of Gerizim, lies the town of Nablus, the ancient Shechem.

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