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Nov 28

Given this multitude of similarities you share with other humans, the argument makes the inference that the feature of having a mind is a characteristic you must also share with other humans (Mill 1889, 243–44). The problem of other minds is a philosophical problem traditionally stated as the following epistemological question: Given that I can only observe the behavior of others, how can I know that others have minds? Problems from Philosophy . The argument from self-ascription and other-ascription (Strawson) If we all have the problem of other minds, if no theory of mind manages either to avoid the problem or provide a solution, if there is no way of avoiding crucial use of one’s own case, and if a scientific inference fails, on its own, to justify our belief in other minds, then it is to be expected there will be renewed interest in the (hybrid) analogical inference to other minds. The challenge may be expressed as follows: given that I can only observe the behavior of others, how can I know that others have minds? Abstract. The problem I hope to expose in this paper is the lack of evidence in The Argument from Analogy for Other Minds supporting that A, a thought or feeling, is the only cause of B. Russell believes that there are other minds because he can see actions in others that are analogous to his own without thinking about them. RESPONSES TO THE PROBLEM There are different answers that philosophers have developed in response to the problem of other minds. 6) Therefore, if there can be no knowledge of oneself as a mind without presupposing that there are other minds, the problem of other minds does not arise. Other ‘people’ – other bodies – could all be machines, programmed to behave as they do, but with no minds. The problem of other minds has traditionally been regarded as an epistemological challenge raised by the skeptic. In other words, I plan to use active externalism to solve the problem of other minds. In our attempts to analyze personal identity, we noted that people are conscious, … My argument is trifold. Chapter 6: Body and Mind Note: Below, I have made liberal use of the online lecture notes of Josh Parsons (UC Davis). Summary Of B. Russell's The Argument For Other Minds 1146 Words | 5 Pages. We will consider three, and see that the third also forms a response to solipsism. When I have time, I will replace these portions with something of my own… The Mind and Personal Identity . W. C. Salmon, "The Problem of Induction" Bertrand Russell, "The Argument from Analogy for Other Minds" Gilbert Ryle, "Descartes's Myth" David M. Armstrong, "The Nature of Mind" ... Because the only way to infer the existence of other minds is to use some particular religious worldview c. I indicate this by coloring the copied portions in blue. The Problem of Other Minds remains as a puzzling issue in the philosophy of mind.

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