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Nov 28

The animals bred for their meat can be engineered to grow bigger and faster. Plants being cultivated can have built-in pest repellents that help reduce the requirement for harmful chemicals and other pesticides that cause damage to the water supply. (And Ways to Reuse Old Bottles), 13 Amazing Plants That Do Not Need Drainage Holes, Do Deer Eat Petunias? (And Ways to Reuse Old Lighters), What is Organic Food and 15 Health Benefits of Eating Organic Food, Can You Recycle a Mattress? With genetic engineering, we will be able to increase the complexity of our DNA, and improve the human race. Watch the following videos about the pros and cons of genetic engineering: Discrimination of People with Genetic Anomalies. Figure 5: Pest-resistant Crops. Genetic engineering can also be used to help people who risk passing on terribly degenerative diseases to their children. Genetic engineering offers benefits such as: 1. Scientists do not yet know absolutely everything about the way that the human body works (although they do, of course, have a very good idea). It may grow concerns regarding the nutritional value of the products as some products can grow big quickly at the cost of decreasing their nutritional value. Genetic engineering was thought to be a real problem just a few short years ago. Although at first the pros of genetic engineering may not be as apparent as the cons, upon further inspection, there are a number of benefits that we can only get if scientists consider to study and advance this particular branch of study. Important Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering by Jordon Layne Feb 1, 2020 Genetic engineering is the mechanism by way of techniques including molecular clonings and mutation to change the arrangement and function of genes in organisms, plants, or foods. Genetic engineering fulfils the food demand. (And How to Keep Them Away), Do Deer Eat Peonies? Besides the religious arguments, however, there are a number of ethical objections. The modification through genetic engineering is mainly executed in plants. You will realize that each benefit has a negative aspect. Genetic engineering helps to solve an issue by transferring genes to the organism that will help it to combat the problem. Basically, by modifying the genes, we can improve a condition at the cost of another. What if we start demanding ‘designer babies,’ children whose hair color, eye color, height and intelligence we can dictate? However, there are some negative effects. Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering ‘Genetic engineering’ is the process to alter the structure and nature of genes in human beings, animals or foods using techniques like molecular cloning and transformation. Source:primalsciencehealth.wordpress.com, Figure 6: Anti GE Poster. And it could even lead … This gives farmers the scope to expand farming beyond the traditional locations and use the empty lands for other purposes. For instance, a plant can be modified that it needs less water, but that would make it intolerant to direct sunlight. These diseases, after all, exist for a reason and have persisted throughout history for a reason. Genetic engineering is not just good for people. The crops can be engineered to survive in unfavorable conditions such as high heat or low light or increase crop yield. When these cannot get through the natural repellent of the genetically altered plant, these can grow stronger and more resistant, negatively affecting non-genetically engineered plants/animals. Since species that have been modified tend to be stronger, unmodified species would soon disappear because of the introduction of modified species. The modification of a specimen and its later introduction to the environment can negatively impact the nature. In fact, they are as relevant today as they ever were. This can be done via changing, deleting, or inserting specific genes within an organism’s DNA. Genetic engineering can make alterations in the organisms to show desirable characteristics. Humans are already living longer than ever. Better Flavor, Growth Rate and Nutrition Crops like potatoes, soybeans and tomatoes are now sometimes genetically engineered in order to improve size, crop yield, and nutritional values of the plants. One pressing question and issue with genetic engineering that has been around for years and years is whether it could end up going too far. (And How To Keep Them Away). 1. Perhaps more obvious than the pros of genetic engineering, there are a number of disadvantages to allowing scientists to break down barriers that perhaps are better left untouched. Genetic Engineering Pros and Cons Definition and Examples Genetic engineering is where a scientist physically changes or modifies the DNA of an organism. Those who are yet undecided on whether genetic engineering in humans is good or not, however, may want to weigh the following pros and cons before coming to a final decision. For example, you can modify a plant to need less water, but that would make it intolerant to direct sunlight (Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering, 2014). We feared that soon we would be interfering with nature, trying to play God and cheat him out of his chance to decide whether we were blonde or dark-haired, whether we had blue or bright green eyes or even how intelligent we were. The human body is so complicated that scientists have to be able to predict what sort of effects their actions will have, and they simply cannot account for everything that could go wrong. List of the Pros of Genetic Engineering. The queries and concerns that we have regarding such an intriguing part of science are still alive and well, although they are less talked about nowadays than they were a few years ago. But it will be a slow process, because one will have to wait about 18 years to see the effect of changes to the genetic code. How can they possibly understand the ramifications of slight changes made at the smallest level? By genetically engineering our species, however, we will be having a detrimental effect on our genetic diversity in the same way as something like cloning would. In other words, it is the process of adding or modifying DNA in an organism to bring about a great deal of transformation. In fact, our lifespan has shot up by a number of years in a very short amount of time. What if we end up engineering the sex of the baby, for instance, in China, where it is much more preferable to have a boy? Viruses and bacteria adapt to the environment. If the places we live in becoming either a lot hotter or colder, we are going to need to adapt, but evolution takes many thousands of years, so genetic engineering can help us adapt quicker and better. This is done to plants, animals, and even humans. Genetic engineering could also help same-sex couples have genetically related children, which would be a new development. We need diversity in all species of animals. It also has the potential to cause significant harm. All children would be able to be born healthy and strong, with no diseases or illnesses present at birth. Better Flavor, Growth Rate and Nutrition Crops like potatoes, soybeans and tomatoes are now sometimes genetically engineered in order to improve size, crop yield, and nutritional values of the plants. Here are just a few of the benefits: Some of the most deadly and difficult diseases in the world that have so resisted destruction could be wiped out by the use of genetic engineering. In fact, the date by which you can have an abortion has been pushed back relatively late just so that people can decide whether or not to abort a baby if it has one or more of these sorts of issues. 2. Genetically engineered species applied to the wild can have a negative impact on the domestic species. Genetic engineering is one of the topics that cause a lot of controversies. ‘Genetic engineering’ is the process to alter the structure and nature of genes in human beings, animals or foods using techniques like molecular cloning and transformation. Cons of Genetic Engineering: Ethical and religious objections; When genetic engineering was introduced, many religions believed that the genetic engineers were trying to play god and forbade it to be used on their children. It may work wonders, but who knows if playing with nature is “really safe” or not? Additionally, if scientists genetically engineer babies still in the womb, there is a very real and present danger that this could lead to complications, including miscarriage (early on), premature birth or even stillbirth, all of which are unthinkable.

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