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Nov 28

St. George’s Chapel of Windsor Castle, for example, is said to have once held two fingers, part of the heart, and part of the skull of the saint. One of Montenegro's islands is called Sveti Đorđe (Serbian Cyrillic: Свети Ђорђе), where there is a monastery devoted to the saint. The only thing that most people know about him is that he killed a dragon. "Đurđevdan" (Serbian: Ђурђевдан – George's day) is a Serbian religious holiday, celebrated on 23 April by the Julian calendar (6 May by Gregorian calendar), which is the feast of Saint George and a very important Slava. There are indeed many churches in Georgia named after the Saint; Alaverdi Monastery is one of the largest. Abbot Hatto (888–913) of the Monastic Island of Reichenau had a St George's Church erected, after he had received relics from the hands of Pope Formosus. The shepherd became angry at Jesus and told him that he is the one who takes the souls away of young men and grants long lives to many dishonest people. The Order of St Michael and St George, a British order of chivalry, was founded in 1818, and partly named after the saint. [37], He is also the patron saint of skin disease sufferers and syphilitic people. In Russia, the cult of Saint George arrived in the 11th century during the reign of Yaroslav the Wise (1010–19). An 18th-century Georgian geographer and historian Vakhushti Bagrationi wrote that there are 365 Orthodox churches in Georgia named after Saint George, according to the number of days in one year. In Lebanon, Saint George is believed to have cleaned off his spear at a massive rocky cave running into the hillside and overlooking the Jounieh Bay. He also appears on the coats of arms of several German towns and cities, including Bamberg, Bürgel, Dießen am Ammersee, Eisenach, Mengeringhausen, Schwarzenberg, and, of course, Sankt Georgen im Schwarzwald. Saint George was a soldier of Cappadocian Greek origins, member of the Praetorian Guard for Roman emperor Diocletian, who was sent… In the Serbian language St. George is called Sveti Đorđe (Serbian Cyrillic: Свети Ђорђе).[20]. She was from Cappadocia, like Saint George, and was said to be his relative. Jacob de Voragine’s Legenda aurea (1265–66; Golden Legend) repeats the story of his rescuing a Libyan king’s daughter from a dragon and then slaying the monster in return for a promise by the king’s subjects to be baptized. The cult, as in Lithuania, displaced that of a pagan deity, the sun god Dazhbog, which involved shepherds bringing their flocks to pastures. [35] His feast date, 23 April, is one of the most important holidays in Catalonia, where it is traditional to give a present to the loved one; red roses for women and books for men. [23] St. George's Cathedral in Addis Ababa is also dedicated to the saint, and the city's main football club is Saint George S.C.. A local beer is named after the saint.[24]. In the province of Kakheti, there is an icon of St George known as White George. His cult spread throughout Lithuania in the 15th century as a compromise to the former rituals to the pagan spring god Pergrubis, owing to the fact that his feast day in mainly Roman Catholic Lithuania, as in the rest of the Western Church, falls on 23 April. Above the Palace of Westminster, there are six shields above each of the four clock faces of Big Ben, twenty-four in total, all depicting the arms of St George, representing the Flag of England, London as the capital city of England, and St. George as the patron saint of England. St. George is typical of what a Scout should be. Others[who?] His parents were Christians of Greek origin. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. As a highly celebrated saint in both the Western and Eastern Christian churches, Saint George is connected with a large number of patronages throughout the world, and his iconography can be found on the flags and coats of arms of a number of cities and countries.[1][2]. (Saint George) as a battle cry, substituted for the former Sant'Iago!! The region of Pshavi has icons known as the Cuppola St. George and Lashari St. George. In a famous tale, he rescued a Libyan princess from a sea monster. Edward dedicated the chapel at Windsor Castle to the soldier saint who represented the knightly values of chivalry which he so much admired, and the Garter ceremony takes place there every year. The historical Saint George's Monastery in Meshtaye village near the city of Homs is a Greek Orthodox religious complex dating back to the 5th century. The tale shows the degree to which St George was venerated in Georgia, and similar tales are told in parts of Georgia today. [31], Two parishes are dedicated to Saint George in Malta and Gozo, the Parish of Qormi, Malta and the Parish of Victoria, Gozo. Emperor Maximilian I (1493–1519), the "Last Knight", chose Saint George his personal tutelar. In all Christian families in India, especially Kerala, the name George or Varghese is very popular. Đurđevdan is celebrated all over the Serbian diaspora but mainly in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Here are 9 fascinating facts about his life. George is the patron saint of England, because Richard Coeur-de-Lion, while in Palestine, placed himself and his army under his special protection. Saint George is a patron saint of Georgia, and it is claimed by Georgian author Enriko Gabisashvili that Saint George is most venerated in that nation. This image is also seen on the current Coat of Arms of Georgia. There are also many folk traditions in Georgia that vary from Georgian Orthodox Church rules, because they portray the Saint differently from the Church, and show the veneration of Saint George by the common people of Georgia. [21], The Church of Saint George in Lalibela, Ethiopia dates to around 1200 AD. His feast is given a lesser status in the calendar of the Church of England; a holy day of obligation for English Roman Catholics until the late 18th century, it is now an optional memorial for local observance. The Georgian Orthodox Church commemorates St. George's day twice a year, on 6 May (O.C. King John I (1357–1433) was also a devotee of the saint and was in his reign that Saint George replaced Saint James as the main patron saint of Portugal. St. George is the patron saint of farmers and shepherds.[18]. St George's Day is the patron saint's day of England, marked around the country on 23 April each year. For most of Lithuania's modern history, the day was celebrated by farmers with offerings of animals in churches and the baking of special bread. [34] On St George's Day (or the closest Sunday), Scouts in some countries choose to take part in a parade and some kind of church service in which they renew their Scout Promise. The Rover program started in 1917 is based on a Knighthood theme, with the symbol of St. George, patron saint of Scouts, being important. Saint George was also a patron saint of the Teutonic Knights, the State of the Teutonic Order and present-day Lithuania. Both of them are in the World Heritage List by UNESCO. Saint George is the patron of the Maltese town of Victoria where St. George's Basilica is dedicated to him. The city's coat of arms originally displayed a mounted soldier slaying a dragon. The shepherd became angry at him and told him that he was the one who also sent thunderstorms, which destroyed the farms of poor widows.

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