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By 1930, 15,000 acres (61 km2) were producing 127,000 tons of beets, was "basically profitable", but had issues with labor supply and climate. Members of the Ellison family also controlled the interests of the Layton Sugar Company. Amalgamated has taken up much of the market abandoned by the Utah‑Idaho Sugar Company when it closed its Garland factory in 1979. [7] "An uncharacteristically exuberant (by Mormon standards) celebration ensued", including bonfires of looted property and free barrels of beer. Because of low yields, the plant was closed in 1926 and dismantled in 1940; harvests were processed in the Lehi and Spanish Fork factories. [4], Since the Great Basin Sugar Company had "poached" territory from U-I with their Delta, Utah plant, purchased by U-I in 1920, the company wanted to retaliate with a plant in their territory, which led to the Belle Fourche, South Dakota plant. [4], The Layton Sugar Company was founded in 1915, with partial funding from Utah-Idaho Sugar and Amalgamated Sugar. 3.8 out of 5 stars 45. [5][7] After being approached by Cutler, then-current LDS church president Wilford Woodruff instructed the church to invest in the company. [4] This was done to make gaining credit from banks easier, improve efficiency by reducing redundant equipment and staff, and it would remove criticisms of favoritism between stockholders of the companies (even though the management was nearly identical between them). [4][6], U-I was $23 million in debt by 1921. Due to the mild-winter climate in Utah's Dixie, the crop could stay in the ground over winter. With the advent of the Silver Portable Beet Piler, all of this hard labor in delivering sugar beets was eliminated as the beet wagon bodies or trucks were dumped by power into a receiving hopper, the beets elevated to a screen unit, the trash and dirt removed, and the beets piled on storage grounds into piles ranging in depth from 20 to 24 feet and in width from 100 to 140 feet." (Salt Lake Tribune, December 16, 1988). The growing of sugar beets in Utah was one of the major agricultural industries in the state. By the late 1940's and early 1950's about two‑thirds of each year's harvest was piled at the factories and at these central receiving stations for later processing. "[5], The FTC found Utah-Idaho Sugar guilty of unfair business practices on October 3, 1923. Only 15% of the hoped-for stock was subscribed. "[4], While the company was in better shape by 1935 than they had been in 20 years, interest rates were also low. [5], While the Grants Pass factory was under construction, Charles Nibley and Sanders had a falling-out, leading to a disputed series of events. The former Interstate Sugar Company beet dump at Barnes, on the UP Syracuse Branch, was sold to Layton Sugar Company on October 22, 1936. "[33], In the 1960s, U-I had five factories, down from the 28 they had built. In 1900, a cutting factory was installed in Mapleton, Utah, with a pipe running to the Springville factory. [4] In 1963, the LDS church owned 48% of the stock. The lime was then mixed with water to make a milk of lime, which was used along with the carbon dioxide gas in the actual purification of the raw juice from the sliced beets. [5] Once US farms began to irrigate in arid areas, yields per acre increased significantly. In 1945 just seven to ten percent of the crop was harvested mechanically. The Moses Lake plant was closed in 1979. [15] This led to the Union Gap factory in 1917. Actual construction of the factory building itself began in November 1902. U-I raised 250 tons of seed in 1914, then 750 tons in 1915. [4][5] It was backed by the same investors as Idaho Sugar: Smith, Havemeyer, and others, with Smith as the president and Young as attorney. [4], Utah-Idaho and its competitors (including the Amalgamated Sugar Company) were again sued beginning in 1971, alleging price fixing and market manipulation. Sugar beets will grow in many soils and conditions, but meet their potential when grown in good soils. [citation needed]. [4] The company and principal factory were to be located in Nampa, with a second factory in Payette. In 1946, 12% of the crop was harvested mechanically; by 1950, approximately 66% was mechanically harvested. The Utah-Idaho Sugar Company was a large sugar beet processing company based in Utah. (United States Sugar Beet Association, 1944), Davis County Recorders Office files, Farmington, Utah, Weber County Recorders Office files, Ogden, Utah, Box Elder County Recorders Office files, Brigham City, Utah, Copyright 2000-2020 Don Strack (except as noted on individual pages), Read more about D&RGW's Hooper Branch in Weber County, More information about D&RGW's Kingsville Spur, More information about D&RGW's Farnsworth Spur, Read more about Union Pacific's Syracuse Branch, which ran between Clearfield and the Great Salt Lake, West Weber (2 acres in NEQ of Sec 20, T6N, R2W, along the right of way of the Central Pacific, at Station 1101+87), Barnes (along the north side of the UP tracks at 2000 West), South Hooper (two miles south of the sugar factory in Henry Smith's field). (Deseret News 12/6/88), The Ogden Sugar Company was incorporated on December 16, 1897, the company was organized on December 6, 1897. Warehouse No. [clarification needed][4][5][6] The federal government combated high prices with the Lever Act and then the Sugar Equalization Board which had the authority to regulate the "price, production, and purchase of sugar". Quotas were maintained through 1974, being rewritten in 1937 and 1948, with the extensions to the acts meaning it ultimately expired at the end of 1974. Amalgamated closed its last sugar factory in Utah , at Lewiston, in Cache County, in 1973. April 4, 1921 The growing of sugar beets rapidly depletes the soil of all of its nutrients. By 1906, it processed 84,000 tons of sugar into 10,350 tons of sugar. The sugar from the beets that the farmers brought to the factory in their own trucks was considered free traffic and was given to any railroad chosen by the sugar company. [7] The productivity also increased, from 5.3 tons of sugar beets per acre in 1891 to 6.7 tons in 1893, and to 9.7 tons in 1895. [4] The company considered developing a vinegar or alcohol plant, "but demand did not seem to warrant it",[4] probably due to the Mormon restriction against consuming alcohol. [13], During The Great Depression, U-I borrowed heavily from the LDS church, and both local and East Coast banks. The sugar beet factory was completed in 1903 by William Garland, with machinery shipped on the new rail line. [4] Two such plants were found, both in Oregon. [16] The factory construction was halted, and the remaining sugar beet production was sold to Great Western Sugar Company and transported to their Billings factory. The production of sugar from sugar beets required large quantities of other raw materials, including coal, coke, and lime. The specific location was chosen due to the nearby Orman Dam and Reservoir land reclamation project, at the urging of the Associated Commercial Clubs of the Black Hills, who had pledged 8,000 acres (32 km2). (Facts About Sugar, Volume 12, April 9, 1921, page 287, "Ogden, Utah, April 4"), January 27, 1924 In 1900 the typical yield was 6.4 tons of sugar beets per acre. [5][6] Additional financial directors were also added to the board. In 1933, 4039 farmers received loans totaling $644,453. [5] Joseph F. Smith made it clear that Mormons who did not support Utah sugar, and instead bought less expensive imported sugar, were being unpatriotic and unwise, and failing to support efforts at home. The coal was needed by the sugar factories because the process of extracting sugar from sugar beets requires large quantities of both steam and electric power, and each factory produced its own supply of each using huge steam boilers and electric generators. FREE Shipping by Amazon . [5] These included the anticompetitive establishment of the Nampa, Idaho factory, the anticompetitive control over the Bear River Valley irrigation and water rights, and the questionable stock watering of December 1902 and other times, describing it as "the mania for overcapitalization". Smith had to be legally summoned to testify, as he would not appear willingly, likely due to his experience testifying at the 1904 Reed Smoot hearings. [4], Since most sugar beet seed came from Europe, the Americans asked their suppliers to develop blight-resistant beet lines. Officers and stockholders were similar to the Utah Sugar and Idaho Sugar companies. The stock was issued in October 1935, and the bonds were sold in March 1936. [4], Because of this, U-I felt it impacted them with an unfairly low production quota. There would be about five thousand tons of beets in each hundred linear feet of such a pile. Merrill Nibley, Charles Nibley's son, vice president and assistant manager of the company, was arrested. [4][6], Godfrey argues that while Utah-Idaho "had chafed at government restrictions, [their] real problems stemmed from the end of federal control of the sugar industract.

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